Todays Two Minute Tuesday we are looking at Calgary Street Art. Welcome back to Valerie’s Variety Podcast, with your host me, Valerie Moss todays show is short and sweet. I’m calling these Two Minute Tuesdays or TMT’s. As I’ve been doing more and more research for my episodes and working full time, it doesn’t leave enough in the kitty to record and produce timely, so instead of releasing less often I’ve decided to do these short spurts in between the full episode segments. Let me know what you think. My focus as always will be Calgary, this great city, and all that’s captured within it.
Did you know the concrete murals on the side of the Glenbow museum facade are by artist Robert Oldrich. These are made of cast cement. The thoughts behind these are reflective of our city, cowboy hat, oil derrick, and our infamous chinook arch. Robert came to our great city and mixed his sand and water creations for us to enjoy, more of his work is plastered on other buildings like: Bishop Grandin High School, the previous location of the Calgary Central Library and others. He immigrated to Calgary in 1951 from the Czech Republic he past away in 1983 in the USA leaving many pottery, printmaking, mosaics and sculptures behind for all of us to enjoy – thank you Robert.
Thanks for listing to our TmTs on the Vsqared podcast. the intro and outro for this podcast is recorded by London Moss and the music I chose today is true Heart Procussion…if there’s something about Calgary or someone in Calgary that you’d like to know more about send me a note text or email to Valerie@ValerieMoss.ca
School Cases in court. I’m going to highlight a few stories that have resonated with me over the last few months. I recently attended a safety discussion at my daughter’s school. This discussion once completed brought a few other schools names and how safety played a big role along with the trust we put into the education system to keep our children safe. The amount of responsibility we put onto this institution these teachers without really realizing it. Loco Parentis meaning the teachers take the place of the parent. Now would a teacher dive in front of a bus to save your child maybe but not likely however this does mean the teacher would protect the child from bullies, assist in making the right decisions, properly assisting them with risky manouvers, etc. They are in place of a parent at school or institutional setting, looking out for the best interest of the child, your child.
June 22, 1981
Myers v Peel Country Board of Education, Ontario
Erindale Secondary School grades 9, 10, 11, 12 is part of the Peel District School board. There had been a number of the students in the gym during the regularly scheduled physical education class, there was an adjacent room setup for gymnastics and the kids in this room were trained specifically for gymnastics using the equipment that was setup. There usual teacher was away sick and the substitute teacher in the main room and approx 40 students at the peak time with class crossovers. One student trained in Gymnastics asked if his friend – not trained in gymnastics could play in this specialized room. There was approx 8 kids in this unsupervised room training gymnastics maneuvers for grade marking. The student un-trained proceeds to try out a gymnastics tactic on the rings and – succeeded. Then he tried an exceptionally hard backflip dismount and landed improperly – inadequate mats, inadequate spotters and inadequate supervision ensued. Due to the added disadvantage of poor training he was severely injured and as a result became a quadriplegic by a broken neck. There was no teacher present nor did the friend teach the kid what he needed to learn – in this short amount of time – to follow through with this exercise properly and safely. The trained friend didn’t know what the un-trained friend was about to try out so he couldn’t a) warn the kid and b) provide proper spotting.
During the court hearing it was discussed that the trained student was 20% liable and the un-trained now severely disabled student was 80% liable. This is showing ownership is put on the person who committed the fault- torts-Negligence; tort meaning suing for personal damages and negligence meaning no deliberate action but failed to act as a reasonable person. There was also discussion about the mats used – were these significant to soften the landing and prevent the injury, no. If a teacher/supervisor had been in the room would this have stopped the injury, possibly by stopping the tactic move. The discussion of ‘prudent parent’ also was disected – let’s walk through this, if a parent was in the gym and their son, knowing they haven’t been trained for this manouver wanted to test it the parent would likely say ‘no’ and rovide the proper spotters, trainers and insight into this more diligently.
In the end the school was not found liable but the students appellants were found at fault.
I would accordingly allow the appeal with costs to the appellant in this Court and in the Court of Appeal, and restore the judgment at trial, leaving intact the finding of contributory negligence against the appellant, which is well supported in the evidence, the apportionment of damages, and the disposition of costs at trial.
St. Patrick’s Catholic High located in Sarnia, Ontario. This High School’s principal at the time had an agreement with local police to bring in drug sniffing dogs at random and convenient to the police service to search the school. The school had been known to have drug problems on the school property as well as off school property. This intuition asks the question that the principal was onto something. The police did not have any knowledge of drugs being on the school at the time of the unscheduled search.
Here’s how this story went…all kids are in class, some have left their backpacks in the gym lined up along the wall. When the police showed up one random day – the principal at the time made an announcement that they were conducting a random police investigation and students should remain in their classrooms. The police started throughout the school ending up in the gym and the sniffer dog ‘chief’ immediately indicated to a backpack. The dog handler gave said backpack to another police officer and it was searched to find:
including five bags of marijuana, a tin box containing a further five bags of marijuana, a bag containing approximately ten magic mushrooms (psilocybin), a bag containing a pipe, a lighter, rolling papers and a roach clip. A.M.’s wallet, containing his identification, was in the backpack. A.M. was charged with possession for the purpose of trafficking marijuana and possession of psilocybin (mushrooms)
The argument from the schools side is they were not involved in the investigation besides this announcement that was made to keep students inside the classrooms. The total investigation took approx 1-2 hours. This was during class time during the day at the school.
This A.M. Student was then charged. Could this have been handled another way? What about if the principal found this marijuana and drugs would it then be his/the principal’s responsibility to call the parents and have a meeting to review these items? Involve the police? What if another student found the drugs and ratted the kid out to the authorities? A.M. Student was brazen enough to bring his backpack to school full of drugs and his ID – good thing he had this on him? Then proceeded to leave this in the school gym unattended.
If your child is attending this Catholic school would you feel like this is an invasion of their privacy? Or all kids privacy? OR would it be searching for the few that may get caught keeping the rest of the student population safe from drug dealers in the school? You know a few innocent kids are made to feel uncomfortable for the whole of the population to be safe and not have drugs at the ready!
I think he shouldn’t have left his bag unattended – like ever! this kid made a decision to bring illegal drugs into a school, a government institution with intention to sell and use – he had papers, roach clip and lighter with the rest of his stash.
In the end it was concluded that the principle in good faith acted in the best interest of the school and under the convenient timing of the police for the search. And the charges stood against AM with posession and trafficking on school property.
Twenty five years ago this case was decided in the Court…that puts me right at the same age as the students in this story at the time this story made it to Court…where were you in 1993 let’s get some perspective around this story. in 1987, A grade 11 teacher took 5 students on a forestry trip. The students convinced the teacher to allow them to climb a mountain. The teacher at time told them to ‘be back before dark’ the student with friends proceeded to trek up the mountain (not in the plans and in an unfamiliar area) and one student fell causing brain injury. The teacher-student relationship was breached when the teacher failed to accompany the students and supervise their endeavour. The teacher was 75% to blame and the student was 25% to blame.
This is interesting as I remmber being 16 and supervision by teachers wasn’t as engaged as it is today. Kids were still scene and not heard. Teachers weren’t as fully trained and acting as a parent in the school institutional capacity as today.
This student and his family were compensated almost 6 years after the incident, why would this take so long…the damages far outweighed the question surrounding the case.
The next time you have to sign a form/waiver for your child to attend an ‘off site’ event like a Calgary camp and sign a form/waiver to absolve the entity like the City of Calgary or Winsport or a recreation facility – sign it – don’t sign it this waiver could potentially be held up in court and scrutinized in all these cases the fault or negligence was shared. Loco Parentis is one of the key deciding factors. When a teacher at the school is put into the position of caring for and supporting our kids – their students, when they the teachers do not have children of their own is an entirely different position for the teacher if they have kids. One will never know the feeling of having the utmost guttural sense of protection of this small person when it’s not their own. We truely believe as parents that these teachers will do whatever is necessary to keep our kids safe and we are most grateful for this. Thank you!
Thanks for listening to the show today, for those of you who have kids, neices, nephews and have attended an extra curricular activity and had to sign a waiver instead of dismissing this pay attention to what rights you are potentially signing away. Also, give that teacher an extra pat on the back to taking care of your small person in your absense. If you have a story about a Calgary School that you want to share with me please do so and send me a note/email or text to Valerie@ValerieMoss.ca and let me know.
The intro and outro for this episode is recorded by London Moss, the theme music is Tascam 40 by Jason Schnell and some GarageBand loops I’ve chosen today are:
Todays Two Minute Tuesday we are looking at where Calgary got her name.
Welcome back to Valerie’s Variety Podcast, with your host me, Valerie Moss todays show is short and sweet. I’m calling these Two Minute Tuesdays or TMT’s. As I’ve been doing more and more research for my episodes and working full time, it doesn’t leave enough in the kitty to record and produce timely, so instead of releasing less often I’ve decided to do these short spurts in between the full episode segments. Let me know what you think. My focus as always will be Calgary, this great city, and all that’s captured within it.
Enjoy the episode.
Recently the place at 142 years old, the home that gave Calgary it’s name has been sold! This castle stands proud surrounded by the lushest forest enveloping it’s firm stone beauty. The grey fortress, boasting 10 bedrooms, and gothic looking windows, has a medieval look to it. A large inviting white door and beautifully kept vibrant green lawns surround the 11 hectare property. There was a bidding war across the globe as the property’s asking price was a merely $700,000 euros approx $1.2 million, however it went for higher with interest from some tire kickers here in Canada but ultimately europeans won over the property.
Q: What does “Calgary” mean?
A: Calgary is named after Calgary Bay on the Isle of Mull, Scotland. It was originally thought to mean “clear running water” but has since been defined as “bay farm”. Gaelic words Cala-ghearridh meaning pasture by the bay.
Thanks for listing to our TmTs on the Vsqared podcast. the intro and outro for this podcast is recorded by London Moss and the music I chose today is water works synth to reflect the water surrounding the old Calgary Castle in Scotland…if there’s something about Calgary or someone in Calgary that you’d like to know more about send me a note text or email to Valerie@ValerieMoss.ca
Welcome back to Valerie’s Variety Podcast with your host me, Valerie Moss…todays show I wanted to share with you the making of the Shelever case a behind the scenes episode of Calgary History: William Shelever from the previous episode. If you haven’t listened to this episode please do so before you listen to the makings of…
I recently did an episode investigating in Calgary, i spent some, well many hours at the Calgary public Library looking for something interesting to podcast about that is Calgary driven and from the 1970’s in the past, not a currently discussed topic . I first came upon the Local History room at the library and got comfortable….upon further inspection I came across many articles that have been clipped out of the newspaper and categorized into envelopes one marked crime and criminals. I opened these envelopes up and came upon several clippings about this one case in 1977.
Rookie Cop Shot,
for my first Calgary History episode about two girls found dead under the happy valley overpass, I found it interesting to combine the stores and actually write a column on this story…moving into the William Bill Shelver case I wanted to push myself and step this up another notch. I find it very interesting listing to the podcast serial with Sara Kanik as she a) is a great story teller and b) includes actual clips from the people she’s talking about. I asked Jeff my hubby if he’d be up for helping me out as he has in the past but he waste’ into it for the quantity of lines I required…when I thought about who I could get, I had a great idea to reach out to my fellow podcasters and ask if anyone would be interested in contributing to this story as a voice over. I’m not quote at the investigative journalism point where I can spend more hours of personal time finding, sourcing and interviewing these people from my stories….YET! so I first went through all of the articles and research I came upon and created my list of “quotes” that people within these stories said then I reached out to my Facebook communities for podcasters and asked who might be interested in reading some lines male and females…well that was easier than I thought – thank you! (p.s. if you’re interesting in doing voice work for me in an upcoming episode, please touch base with me as I’d be so gracious) I immediately had so many people offering to assist with my 14 lines that I had extra entries.
Due to the graphic and sensitive nature of the story and wanting to pay tribute and highly respect the Calgary Police Service I made sure that I was true to what these people said and in the context that they said it within.
I placed these characters in Alphabetical order for ease of layout and organizing but they were within the episode in possibly more than one appearance as well. Some even had two different people to quote.
The criteria was simple, here’s the line in “quotes” please say the line 2-3 times I would provide descriptive words and possibly a setting. In exchange for this unpaid position I requested a snippet of their podcast or a promo clip to insert.
Said with purpose and directiveness
, “from what I’ve seen he has the makings of a good police officer” This was a line from Zone Sergeant Shaw
Andy Ace as Deputy Howard Leary here’s his entry and his promotion clip.
<insert clip here>
<insert promo here> for Pardon my Fork ironically this was the first entry I received, I listened to his lines and the promo wihile texting live with Andy, and I was so distracted by how good his promo was – really good, take a listen, that I didn’t listen to his entry lol
Austin Kirk as Police chief Brian Sawyer
<insert clip here> I didn’t receive a promo clip for Austin but thank you for helping me with my show.
bridget frank quoting amazing grace
<insert clip here> I received several entries for this line but I could only choose one, thank you Bridge for helping me out, I sure appreciate it and I think you did a great job!
chirag desi as inspector don nelson
<insert clip here>
<insert promo clip here> for Tales of the Trade Features our region’s pioneers & the stories behind the ideas they brought to life. Each episode highlights the challenges & triumps of the enterpreneurial journey & a legacy in the making. New episode every second Tuesday.
dan stephenson as dr. Jack Barlass and Sergeant Run Gutteride
<insert clips here>
<insert promo here> for Fireside Chat Hockey chat for hardcore Flames fans, this is a site where our NFL Calgary Flames Hockey team has a show dedicated to their community of hockey, fans and hardcore discussions, been around since 2013
Dean Giles as constable peterson
<insert clip here>
<insert promo here> for Podscure a podcast about obscure podcasts and the people behind them
Dustin danzer as an officer at the funeral
<insert clip here>
<insert promo here> for Dustin Danzer Podcast and You Tube Site he has a you tube and podcast page. he answers questions with comic relief addressing tough questions and discuss life and popular issues on planet earth.
Karin heindahl as Mrs. Shelever
<insert clip here> this was kind of neat as she was interested in contributing and when I went to her facebook page she lives in Germany, I ask if she can speak English like a Canadian, she sent me a voice note through messenger and voila she not only speaks english but does sound like a Canadian…until she says her promo, she’s Swedish and runs a Swedish podcast. She’s likely the most important voice within this story as she was the wife left behind with a baby bump and now a …window. I thought Karin did a great job.
<insert promo here> her’s is in Swedish…thanks Karin how neat is this?
Kyle Marshall at Constable Bill Martin
<insert clip here>
<insert promo clip here> for Assumptions Podcast A podcast in which two friends, a Christian and an Athiest, try to understand the other’s worldview. Created by Kyle Marshall and Daniel Melvill Jones. I had the advantage to meet Kyle on a couple of occasions now, he’s very well spoken, an English major and Owner of MediaLab a bridge-co working space in downtown Calgary check him out!
Lucia Julio singing Amazing Grace
<insert clip here>
<insert promo here> for Repodcasting Join hosts Janet and Lucia as they recast your favourite (and not so favourite) movies!
phil better as Crown PROSECUTOR Chumka
<insert clip here>
<insert promo clip here> for Phil Better Show The award winning* talent filled* podcast of this generation! That’s right The Phil Better Show is the show that you want to listen to as its so full of movie and TV reviews, comments, and overall WTF that you won’t be able to get enough!!! Subscribe NOW!!!! *All claims are those of the creator and may not be true… well only in his own head.
sean perrin as zone sergeant shaw
<insert clip here>
<insert promo here> for Clarineat a show about clarinets from Calgary Alberta Canada, one of the top 10 classical music podcasts.
Thanks for taking the time to hang out with us in this behinds the podcast show in the Shelever case. my goal was to represent the characters in the right context and true to the scene of the stories and articles I came upon. Were you around during this time, do you remember the William Shelever case one of our city’s finest lost his life doing what he loved best, by being a police officer. Here’s to Mrs. Shelever and her daughter Billie and all the CPS members sworn and unsworn, we value your service to our community, Thank you!
Thanks for listening to the podcast today which as produced and written by me, Valerie Moss, intro and outro for this podcast recorded by London Moss and again thank you to all that contributed their time and their voices to this episode, I could not have done this without you. I truly value the time podcasters take in editing and producing their own work. If you liked this episode or any of my episodes and want to provide me some feedback I’d love to hear from you by leaving me a comment, rating on your favourite podcast portal or send me a note at Valerie@ValerieMoss.ca
William (Bill) Shelever “we will do everything to see his death was not in vain”
Having friends in the police force in Calgary raining from Detectives to K-9 and surveillance makes me reflect on their jobs and skills – their sheer determination to make our streets better – safer. Having been on a “ride-a-long” (check our my blog for these stories – maybe a future podcast) and seeing what they go through first hand also makes me contemplate the sheer magnitude and intimate nature of the job. Going into peoples homes, searching people and speaking directly about the concerns at hand. Very intimate and personal. So when I came across this article well many articles about this fallen policeman I wanted to pay tribute to this story from the 1970’s.
The CPS (Calgary Police Service) with 2200 sworn members, 1000 unsworn members and 8 stations. Having the first female police Chief in Canada, Christine Silverberg. Since inception in 1885 the CPS has lost 11 officers in the line of duty:
1917 – Constable Arthur Duncan (gunfire)
1933 – Inspector Joe Carruthers (gunfire)
1941 – Constable Wilf Cox (motorcycle collision)
1957 – Constable Ken Delmage (motorcycle collision)
1974 – Detective Boyd Davidson (gunfire)
1976 – Staff Sgt. Keith Harrison (gunfire)
1977 – Constable Bill Shelever (gunfire)
1992 – Constable Rob Vanderwiel (gunfire)
1993 – Constable Rick Sonnenberg (hit while attempting to stop stolen vehicle)
In 1993, as a direct result of the hit and run death of Constable Rick Sonnenberg, the Helicopter Air Watch for Community Safety (HAWCS unit) was created, and the Calgary Police Service became the first law enforcement agency in Canada to incorporate the use of air support into its routine operations. In 2006, the unit was expanded when a second helicopter was purchased.
2000 – Constable John Petropoulos (injuries sustained in fall)
2001 – Constable Darren Beatty (injuries sustained during training exercise)
I will be featuring William Bill Shelever who lost his life to gunfire in 1977 as one of these 11.
May 24, 1977
The scene shows two police cruisers under the light of the street lamps, with a neon plant sign overhead, one police officer running toward the camera another ring is lit up and sales Pro Shop, caption reads “police at shooting scene in downtown calgary….after two officers were shot near restaurant. They were shot in their mobile office they were shot in their squad car on 8 avenue SW. Them as well as another assailment – a known robber was also shot on Friday. One of these officers William (Bill) Shelever, just 31 years old and only 6 weeks on the job was shot in the head. The other officer was 26 years old and he was shot in the groin. The suspect, Roy Glaremin only 22 years old was shot in the chest and buttocks…and was satisfactory after surgery saved his life once a few bullets were removed and he was sewn up.
The story goes something like this: There was a holdup Friday afternoon at the jean Joint, downtown Calgary a separate incident. The two policemen men Shelever and Pedersen were patrolling downtown around 1am when they saw a man that fit this description (Roy Glaremin) the culprit from earlier. When they approached him they asked him to come back to the Police car, while there, Shelver made an unsuccessful attempt to take the gun away -Glaremin demanded that the two officers turned over their guns and Pedersen stalled trying to get handcuffs and flashlight.They checked him (not like a full search) and put him in the back of the car…The fact that he was a suspect didn’t produce the official signal of a true/ thorough search then he/the suspect pulled a revolver immediately and shot Shelever once in the back of the head, the second officer went to flee the vehicle and was shot two times. Once in the leg and another time in the buttocks however another news article says one of these slugs hit his Petersen’s foot. Peterson, the second officer shot the gunman two times as he fled he as scene limping and excited as he continued to search for the suspect. Shooting the suspect two times also called into question the type of guns that policeman have – why shooting a suspect twice, could this suspect get up and continue to run?Two other officers captured the suspect shortly thereafter. The night Manager at the Holiday Inn heard over half a dozen gun shots and saw a police officer lying wounded in front of the Pink Panther nightclub located at 725 – 8 avenue SW (Currently this is the Queenswood House Apartments. and the other one was running and holding himself across this body and was believed to be Pederson.
When the two officers captured the suspect at 7 street and 7 avenue sw which currently resides the Nexen Tower, Sprague Drugs, Scotia Bank Tower and of course the c-train track on 7th avenue.
William (Bill) Shelever was in all account a rookie cop, he has a square jaw, short dark hair and tinted glasses, clean shaven, all of 31 years old, 6 weeks on the job, he was married with no kids. Being born in Belgrade known as the “white city” in Serbia, Shelever and his parents moved to Calgary, to the Forest Lawn district around 1943 and he graduated from Forest lawn High School in 1945. In 1969 he earned his welding papers and as he worked at Barber Industries – he was looking for more and to make a difference and changed his focus to becoming a police officer. Such a selfless honourable decision.
Pederson, Shelever’s partner was only 26 years old, with 2 years of training and street experience in the downtown area of Calgary. Peterson is slim faced, moustache, small eyes and serious looking. Such a young sole in a heavy, responsible work life.
Police Shot by a 9mm revolver/semi automatic
What is this style of gun? It has a chamber that holds the ammunition in a 6 chamber round, each round could potentially hold 15-17. It’s a revolver, meaning the chamber revolves exposing a new bullet to dislodge and fire. It can shoot up to 1800meters, 5400 feet to a man sized target. The bullet size is 9mm or almost 1/2 inch in diameter, weight approx 150 grams and the bullet shooting at approx 1200 feet/second, this is a small, lightweight, fast, effective gun. Glaremin had a direct shot at close range, deliberate.
Suspect Shot by a .38 Calibre Smith and Wesson Revolver
The Smith & Wesson Model 10, previously known as the Smith & Wesson .38 Hand Ejector Model of 1899, the Smith & Wesson Military & Police or the Smith & Wesson Victory Model, is a revolver of worldwide popularity. It was the successor to the Smith & Wesson .32 Hand Ejector Model of 1896 and was the first Smith & Wesson revolver to feature a cylinder release latch on the left side of the frame like the Colt M1889. In production since 1899, it is a six-shot double-action revolver with fixed sights. Over its long production run it has been available with barrel lengths of 2 in (51 mm), 3 in (76 mm), 4 in (100 mm), 5 in (130 mm), and 6 in (150 mm). Barrels of 2.5 inches (64 mm) are also known to have been made for special contracts. Some 6,000,000 of the type have been produced over the years, making it the most popular handgun of the 20th century.
Both officers were wearing bullet proof vests which only came out 7 years prior to this incident. Unfortunately due to to the aim of the gun shot, missed the bullet proof vest and hit Shelver in the back of the head behind his left ear. Also, at this time, in the 1970s the “silent” officer, the bullet proof glass cage was not invented yet nor was being administered and discussed as a usable, safety precaution however was revisited with more officers describing it as an obstruction – little did they know then how valuable this would be in a very short time. Police Chief Brian Sawyer was also being questioned about this new ‘silent police officer’ and not ruling this out as an added benefit and defence for safety.
Cst. Shelever was survived by his wife Janet and a daughter, Billie, who was born a few months after his death. His wife gave him this amazing news just days before he lost his life to Glaremin. He also left behind his parents Andriy and Olena (Helen), extended family and many friends, he was an only child. That’s Constable Bill Martin, can’t you just hear how he felt about Constable Shelever making the decision to become a Police Officer, likely a reflection of his own purpose. That’s Zone Sergeant Shaw again talking about Shelever’s character and future.
at 10am More than 1000 people paid their respects to the fallen officer, the 3rd officer down in as many as 30 months and one week after the shooting, This was held in the remarkable Jubilee auditorium with honour guards, pipe band, and representative from other forces. where the police force gave an incredible reflection on changing policy and how they conduct searches, and have put the promise out there to protect their officers during their very difficult positions on the job. 6 police motorcycles led the funeral procession from the auditorium doors, 200 red-coated mounties from across the country followed and a solo snare drum saluted each step down 14 street NW. this was an officer speaking about Shelever around the time of the funeral, can’t you just hear the impact something like this has on one of their own?
Roy Glaremin, who is this man, at 22 years old, where did he come from, what was his life like, how did he become a killer…as he sat quietly taking notes during the court case being charged with killing Shelver, FIRST degree murder. Caught nearby the shooting, extremely pale and blood on his shirt, he looked guilty. Two men described by Calgary police as associates to Glaremin have been arrested in Edmonton (just 3 hours north of Calgary) and charged with a gun shop break-in as well as armed robberies there. He deliberately shot two officers and didn’t show any remorse.
First Degree Murder – what does this mean: mostly what I could find referenced the United States of America and today’s justice details not from 1970s.
from wikipedi – any intentional murder that is willful and premeditated with malice aforethought. Felony murder, a charge that may be filed against a defendant who is involved in a dangerous crime where a death results from the crime, is typically first-degree. and also: First Degree Murder Overview from Field Law. First Degree Murder: Definition. In most states, first–degree murder is defined as an unlawful killing that is both willful and premeditated, meaning that it was committed after planning or “lying in wait” for the victim.
From the criminal code of Canada and the Justice Laws Website of Canada:First Degree is slightly different results as we do not have the death penalty in Canada: currently it means…
Planned and deliberate murder
(2) Murder is first degree murder when it is planned and deliberate.
Marginal note:Contracted murder
(3) Without limiting the generality of subsection (2), murder is planned and deliberate when it is committed pursuant to an arrangement under which money or anything of value passes or is intended to pass from one person to another, or is promised by one person to another, as consideration for that other’s causing or assisting in causing the death of anyone or counselling another person to do any act causing or assisting in causing that death.
Marginal note: (this is interesting)Murder of peace officer, etc.
(4) Irrespective of whether a murder is planned and deliberate on the part of any person, murder is first degree murder when the victim is
(a) a police officer, acting in the course of his duties;
Glaremin gets Life for Slay Police Officer
…found guilty in 4 ways of first degree murder, mandatory life imprisonment. This means he met 4 of the criteria for first degree murder, the criteria today may not have been the criteria in the 1970s.. 1) Culpable homicide 2) attempting to commit robbery by pointing a gun at the officers trying to steel their weapons 3) Threatening the officers with his gun was likely to cause a struggle and potential death of a police officer 4) even if a murder isn’t planned when the victim is a police officer it’s automatically First Degree
Today’s laws state: First degree was committed against an identified peace officer.
Roy Glaremin, has been held in different levels of Prison serving his life sentence.
A conjugal visit is a scheduled period in which an inmate of a prison or jail is permitted to spend several hours or days in private with a visitor, usually their legal spouse. The parties may engage in sexual activity. The generally recognized basis for permitting such visits in modern times is to preserve family bonds and increase the chances of success for a prisoner’s eventual return to life after release from prison. They also provide an incentive to inmates to comply with the various day-to-day rules and regulations of the prison.
Conjugal visits usually take place in designated rooms or a structure provided for that purpose, such as a trailer or a small cabin. Supplies such as soap, condoms, lubricant, bed linens, and towels may be provided. That’s Mrs. Shelever, being asked her option to Roy Glaremin requesting conjugal visits, 23 years later in 2000. Ms, Shelever can still feel the resentment toward Roy Glaremin 23 years later. That pain of losing a loved one will get easier but will never go away completely. And when your past catches up to you like this, i’m sure the flood of emotions comes rushing back to that day and time when you received this dreadful news.
Who is Roy Glaremin
he is pining for prisoners rights on conjugal visits says the Globe and Main as recently as April of this year. He served. Maximum, to Medium and Minimum.
Were you around in 1977 when this story unfolded, did you know William Bill Shelever back in 1977 what about his partner,
Constable Jack Petersen? How about Roy Glaremin?
References to Journalists and Newspapers
Charles Sterling (Herald Staff Writer)
Mark Tait (Herald Staff Writer)
Deborah Lehman (Herald Staff Writer)
Photos by Bill Herriot (of Shelever at Graduation)
Globe and Mail, ALEXANDER PANETTA for the Canadian Press
Thank you to the Calgary Central Public Library for having amazing resources and all of these original news clippings that I was allowed to take pictures of which are posted at ValerieMoss.ca
Special Thank you for All the people who contributed to the voice work
Andy Ace for being the voice of Chief Howard Leary
Austin Kirk for being the voice of Police Chief Brian Sawyer
Bridget Frank for submitting an entry for Amazing Grace
Chirag Desai for being the voice of Inspector Don Neilson
Dan Stephenson for being the voice of Dr Jack Barlass and Sergeant Ron Gutteridge
Dean Giles for being the voice of Constable Pederson or Peterson depending on which article you’re referencing
Dustin Danzer for being the voice of an officer at the funeral
Karen Heindahl for being the voice of Ms. Shelever probably the most special part
Kyle Marshall for being the voice of Constable Bill Martin
Lucia Julio for singing Amazing grace at the start of the funeral
Phil Better for being the voice of the Crown Prosecutor Chrumka
Samantha for submitting an entry for Amazing Grace
Sean Perrin for being the voice of Zone Sergeant Shaw
Thank you to London Moss for the Intro and Outtro for this podcast, Jason Schnell for Tacam 40 my theme music. Sound effects used through Garage band: 1) Rescue Helicopter, Slamming Metal Lid in place of gun shots, Motorcycle Engine Start, True Heart Solo Snare, Dark Bark 03, Grand Piano. Research for this show has be a collaboration between newspaper articles and online research done by me Valerie Moss, produced through Garage Band and Workpress.
Coming up on a future episode will be the making of this one, it’s amazing what needed to go into this story and the amount of editing to get it done. If you’ve enjoyed this podcast story about Bill Shelever and would like to hear more of these in future episodes, please leave me a comment, rating on iTunes which would be amazing as well as send me a text/email Valerie@ValerieMoss.ca
The Lodgepole Pine, Welcome back to Valerie’s Variety Podcast, with your host me, Valerie Moss todays show is short and sweet. I’m calling these Two
Minute Tuesdays or TMT’s. As I’ve been doing more and more research for my episodes and working full time, it doesn’t leave enough in the kitty to record and produced timely, so instead of releasing less often I’ve decided to do these short spurts in between the full episode segments. Let me know what you think. My focus as always will be Calgary, this great city, and all that’s captured within it. Enjoy the episode.
Calgary is known for the Lodgepole Pine Trees. Pinus contorta, with the common names lodgepole pine and shore pine, and also known as twisted pine, and contorta pine, is a common tree in western North America. It is common near the ocean shore and in dry montane forests Like all pines (member species of the genus Pinus), it is an evergreenconifer. Pinus contorta is a fire-dependent species, requiring wildfires to maintain healthy populations of diverse ages. They have serotinous cones. This means that the cones are closed and must be exposed to high temperatures, such as from forest fires, in order to open and release their seeds. There is also a species of bark beetle known likely to local Albertans as the Mountain Pine Beetle native to the forests of western North America from Mexico to central British Columbia. It has a hard black exoskeleton, and measures approximately 5 mm, about the size of a grain of rice. In western North America, the current outbreak of the mountain pine beetle and its microbial associates has destroyed wide areas of lodgepole pine forest, including more than 16 million of the 55 million hectares of forest in British Columbia.
Please visit Valerie Moss.ca for all show notes and research details.
Calgary Cold Case 1976: Patricia (Patsy) McQueen & Eva Dvorak
Sunday, February 15, 1976
Two 14 year old girls have been found dead West of the city under the happy valley overpass. Fully clothed, no visible gun shot wounds, no visible evidence of stabbing, they would not have died due to exposure.So What happened?Someone is hiding something, this case is still COLD 42 years later.
This overpass will eventually mark the area that is now referred to as Valley Ridge but at this time in 1976 this area was still a few miles out of the city of Calgary, city limits heading WEST. The Happy Valley area was a campground and amusement park from 1961 to the late 1970’s. Full of merry-go-rounds, carousel rides and a wading pool and the laughter of children, smell of hotdogs and the cracking of chips. This is a 28min drive by car direct from Ian Bazalgette junior high school to the place the girls bodies were found. If you look at a topical map of the city of Calgary from the SOUTH EAST area of the city to the far WEST end of the city heading out of town toward the rocky mountains a truly opposite direction from the girls end of town. Why here?
One of the girls, identified as Patricia McQueen
Patricia or Patsy as she was referred to resided at 2220 – 37 Street SE just SOUTH of highway 1a and EAST of 36 street in the Forest Lawn, Forest Heights area of Calgary. in 2012, 36 years later, the demographics in this forest lawn area had a population of almost 7500 people living in 3300 dwellings. Average household incomes in the year 2000 were almost 30% low income residents, approx 18 percent were immigrants, the main buildings and residents were condos and apartments styles and almost 60% were rental units – high density housing. From the web archive crime database as far back as I can go to 2002, still 35 years later Person crimes like asault, battery, robbery was 16/1000 and property crimes were things like break and entry, theft from vehicles etc was 57/1000.
When I look at the house Patsy lived in according to google images today this appears to be a 1950’s home Typical bungalow style with a 3 step porch up to the door, it has a short metal fenced front yard with a gates up the side walk, the house is an off white colour today with brown window trim. You can assume the two windows on the right are bedrooms and the large window on the left is the living room.
The second girl, identified as Eva Dvorak;
Of 3131 – 30 A avenue SE. – in the community of Dover, EAST of Highway 2 and south of Highway 1A. In 2012, 36 years later the demographics of the community of Dover had a population of 10,302 living in 4,722 dwellings and average household income in the year 2000 was $43,875 and approx 24% were low income residents. 15% of the residents were immigrants and almost 30% of the buildings were condo units, apartments and rental properties – high density housing. From the web archive crime database as far back as I can 2002, 35 years later; Person crimes like asault, battery, robbery was 16/1000 and property crimes were things like break and entry, theft from vehicles etc was 44/1000. Lower than in Forest Lawn but still significant.
According to google images today, Eva’s home was on the inside of a small cal-de-sac, again it was also a bungalow style duplex, her home as on the outside of the cal-de-sa with the front view facing a walking path.
Obviously these crime rates from 2002 would likely be higher then in 1976 however in 1976 people didn’t report crime like they did in 2002 and of course today. However these crime rates are significant. Higher in the area where Patsy lived then where Ava lived but we can surmise the girls lived in a rougher part of the city.
Both girls lived close to and addended Ian Bazalgette Junior High School to the north Patsy and the south Eva almost the same distance from the school. Patsy in grade 9 and Eva in grade 8. Patsy being at the top of the school and the final grade in this school, and Eva likely looking up to Patsy as she was the older one. Both of these girls were average in their academics and popular.
In the following days after the girls were found laid against an embankment in the late hours of the morning the previous Sunday an autopsy was performed on both of them. With the possibility of murder, drug overdose or liquor being involved there was still so many questions unanswered. The girls had been missing since the previous Thursday but were staying with friends and not touching base with their families. Some of the pupils at the school were interviewed and commented about the use of drugs at school and after school – things like marijuana and some chemicals but no hard needle style of drugs. They concurred both of these girls engaged in these sort of activities. However in the end the autopsy found nothing significant to realize their deaths.
A news article almost 6 weeks later mentioned that both girls willingly took drugs, LSD, marijuana and drank alcohol but non of this would have caused their death. Being asked to leave school on the Friday before their death due to having alcohol on their breath, then proceeded going from party to party all weekend long, taking drugs, drinking and visiting with friends. They were hitch-hiking on 9ave SE when a neighbour stopped to offer them a ride – which they declined, this was the last time they were spotted alive. Then they were discovered under ironically called “Happy Valley” overpass which in itself should be a delightful place to visit and make memories not be found under it stopping any future memories of existing.
The autopsy nor the crime lab tests showed any proof as to how they died. No signs on their bodies to indicate foul play against them and nothing in their systems revealed any drug or alcohol reference that would have proved their fate. Their bodies based on the position of them and how their clothes were – showed they were dumped. Strangulation is most likely the cause but there we no marks on their necks to indicate this, possibility of smothering by drug related accident like passing out with face in pillow was also speculated as a cause. The weather was not a factor altho it was Feb in Calgary which can be typically the coldest winter months but since the girls were moved to this location – weather was determined not a factor.
The Judge KJ Plomp called the deaths a sad and tragic situation which leaves many questions unanswered. The thing that concerns me is that conditions and situations such as we’ve encountered do exist, and 14 and 15 year old girls are running free like this, they are just children.
In closing, Calgary Cold Case: 1976 Mystery Deaths of Patricia (Patsy) McQueen and Eva Dvorak marking the 42nd year of their COLD case. In reflecting back to my 8th and 9th grades in school, by all accounts could be classed as one of the hardest times in one life especially for a girl, going through puberty, finding friends you can trust and trying to be independent of your parents. Who doesn’t want the attention of older kids and someone to lookup to. At this time in ones life you just hope these ‘older’ kids influence you for the positive. Who gave the girls these drugs and how much they took and what they decided to do before during and after is on them, they made this decision alone, together. They were influenced and pressured and didn’t have their thoughts inline because they were only 14 years old. They were Children as the judge said. Coming from an area in the city that proved to be low poverty and crime heavy also gave them a more difficult start and possibly not the best environment to grow up in and be influence by.
According to Eva’s sister, Martha and Brother Gord in this CBC article they touted Eva as a normal girl, who was fun to be around. They also commented that these two girls were just 14 years old. They are missed by their families, siblings and friends – they all want closure – what happened to these girls?
You can’t help but wonder and want to know.
Were you around in Calgary at this time? Did you know the girls? Were you one of their friends? Did you attend the school in 1976 Ian Bazalgette, what was it like?
If you have any information about this case or a story about the girls that you want to share, let me know.
Thanks for listening to the podcast and this new series, Calgary history and let me know what you think by leaving me a comment/rating on iTunes, stitcher, google play, blubrry and tuneIn radio or wherever you get your podcasts.
Photos and snapshot pictures curtesy of me Valerie Moss and spending the day at the Central Library, articles used for reference are:
Articles Used for Reference are:
Two Girls, 14, Found Dead, Feb 16, 1976 by Charles Sterling (Harold Staff Writer)
Autopsy results awaited for clue to girl’s deaths, by Charles Sterling (Harold Staff Writer)
Girls in mystery deaths took LSD, pot, alcohol, March 30,1976 (no reference to journalist)
Some Has Answers to Deaths of Five Women, April 15,1976 by Charles Sterling (Harold Staff Writer)
Inquest Draws Blank on Teen-agers’ Death Mystery, September 21, 1976 by Deborah Lehman (Harold Staff Writer)
Families of Eva Dvorak and Patsy McQueen still hope for break in cold case, February 16, 2016 by Colleen Underwood, (CBC News)
The intro and outro for this podcast is recorded by London Moss. The music for this show is written and produced by Jason Schnell, title Tascam 40. Thanks to Jeff Moss for being the voice of the Judge.
The podcast is written and produced by me Valerie Moss, through Garage Band and WordPress.